William Watkiss Lloyd

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William Watkiss Lloyd (11 March 1813 – 22 December 1893) was an English writer with wide interests. These included fine art, architecture, archaeology, Shakespeare, and classical and modern languages and literature.[1]


Lloyd was born at Homerton, then in Middlesex, and educated at Newcastle-under-Lyme High School. At the age of 15 he entered a family tobacco business in London, where he remained until his retirement in 1864. In 1868 he married Ellen Brooker Beale (died 1900). He died in London.[2][3]


The work for which Lloyd is best known is The Age of Pericles (1875), which is notable for its scholarship and appreciation of its period, but hampered by a difficult and at times obscure style. He also wrote:

  • Xanthian Marbles (1845)
  • Critical Essays upon Shakespeare's Plays (1875)
  • Christianity in the Cartoons [of Raphael] (1865), which excited considerable attention from the way in which theological questions were discussed.
  • The History of Sicily to the Athenian War with elucidations of the Sicilian odes of Pindar (1872)[4]
  • Panics and their Panaceas (1869)
  • An edition of Much Ado about Nothing, "now first published in fully recovered metrical form" (1884) – the author held that all the plays were originally written throughout in blank verse.[5]

A number of his manuscripts remain unpublished. The most important of these were bequeathed to the British Museum, including:

  • A Further History of Greece
  • The Century of Michael Angelo
  • The Neo-Platonists

These are discussed in a "Memoir" by Sophia Beale, prefixed to Lloyd's posthumously published Elijah Fenton: his Poetry and Friends (1894), which contains a list of his published and unpublished works.[5][6]


  1. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1901). "Lloyd, William Watkiss" . Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ H. R. Tedder, "Lloyd, William Watkiss (1813–1893)", rev. Richard Smail, ODNB, Oxford University Press, 2004. Retrieved 26 September 2014, pay-walled.
  4. ^ Online
  5. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lloyd, William Watkiss". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 832.
  6. ^ Lloyd, W. W. (1894). "In Memoriam. William Watkiss Lloyd, by Sylvia Beale". Elijah Fenton: His Poetry and Friends. Hanley: Allbut & Daniel. pp. 125–143.